ARAB LEAGUE

 

 

 

The Arab League is a regional multi-national organization of Arabic-speaking countries on the African and Asian continents. It was formed in Cairo in 1945 to promote the independence, sovereignty, affairs and interests of its 22 member countries and four observers.

 

The 22 members of the Arab League as of 2018 were Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The four observers are Brazil, Eritrea, India and Venezuela.

The Arab league's mission is to promote trade and economic growth as well as sovereignty and political stability in the region. As of 2018, the League had 22 member nations and 4 observer nations.

 

This year in IGMUN, Arab League committee will focus on two agenda items. Those topics are;

 

Agenda Item I: Global Pressure of Bashar al-Assad’s Regime 

 

The Syrian civil war, also known as the Syrian uprising or Syrian crisis, is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria. It is a conflict between the forces of the Ba'ath government and forces who want to remove this government. The conflict began on 15 March 2011, with demonstrations.

In the wake of this brutal civil war, millions of Syrians have fled their homes, and the dead number in the hundreds of thousands. But the ruling Assad family has survived it all. 

The regime still continues to threaten civilians as well as some united organizations. 

While discussing this topic the delegates are expected to take specific actions for the safety of the Arab League.

 

Agenda Item II: Terrorism and Armed Struggle Against an Occupying Power

A resistance movement is an organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to withstand the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability. It may seek to achieve its objectives through either the use of nonviolent resistance (sometimes called civil resistance), or the use of force, whether armed or unarmed. In many cases, as for example in Norway in the Second World War, a resistance movement may employ both violent and non-violent methods, usually operating under different organizations and acting in different phases or geographical areas within a country.

On the lawfulness of armed resistance movements in international law, there has been a dispute between states since at least 1899, when the first major codification of the laws of war in the form of a series of international treaties took place. In the Preamble to the 1899 Hague Convention II on Land War, the Martens Clause was introduced as a compromise wording for the dispute between the Great Powers who considered francs- and smaller states who maintained that they should be considered unlawful combatants.tireurs to be unlawful combatants subject to execution on capture

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