The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)
The Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) is the first committee in General Assembly(GA). It includes all nations which are members of the United Nations.
DISEC deals with the issues regarding promotions, establishment and subsequent maintenance of global peace and security
Under the UN charter all member states and observers automatically part of the first committee in General Assembly and have an equal rights.Documents drafted by this committee require a simple majority to be passed. Like the other committees of the United Nations General Assembly, DISEC is unable to impose sanctions, authorize armed intervention, or pass binding resolutions.
This year in IGMUN, DISEC, delegates will discuss upon two agenda items. Those are;
Agenda Item I: Regulating Private Military Contractors
Governments worldwide employ thousands of defense contractors every year. Private military contractors (PMCs), also known as defense contractors, provide armed combat or security services to the government and private organizations. Contrary to popular belief, they are not mercenaries. A mercenary is defined as an individual who works only for monetary gain. He or she takes part in armed conflicts or serves in another country's armed forces for money.Although PMCs are considered modern-day mercenaries, they have a different legal status and job responsibilities.They're not necessarily motivated by personal gain — some simply enjoy the thrill and excitement that come with this job or want to serve the greater good and defend their country. These professionals are employed on a contract basis by private military and security companies.
Agenda Item II: The Implications of Small Arms and Light Weapons on National Security
The proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) affects security while anti-personnel mines and explosive remnants of war kill and maim both people and livestock long after the end of hostilities. Both can have destabilising effects on social, societal and economic development and can represent major challenges to regional and national security.
The illicit proliferation of SALW can fuel and prolong armed violence and support illegal activities and the emergence of violent groups. Access to illicit SALW contributes to the development of terrorism, organised crime, human trafficking, gender violence and piracy; and the diversion of weapons is closely linked to corruption and poor management practices. Small arms are weapons intended for use by an individual. They include pistols, rifles, submachine guns, assault rifles and light machine guns; light weapons are designed for use by two or more persons serving as a crew and include heavy machine guns, grenade launchers, mortars, anti-aircraft guns and anti-tank guns, all less than 100 mm in calibre.