The Social, Humanitarian, & Cultural Committee (SOCHUM)
The Social, Humanitarian, & Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), also known as the Third Committee of the General Assembly of the United Nations, is tasked with solving a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control. The Social, Humanitarian & Cultural Committee members are expected to find efficient solutions upon these issues. This year in IGMUN, SOCHUM committee, delegates will discuss upon two agenda items. Those are;
Agenda Item I: The Bioethical Implications of Gene Editing
Gene editing, the ability to make highly specific changes in the DNA sequence of a living organism, essentially customizing its genetic makeup. Key among gene-editing technologies is a molecular tool known as CRISPR-Cas9, a powerful technology discovered in 2012 by American scientist Jennifer Doudna, French scientist Emmanuelle Charpentier, and colleagues and refined by American scientist Feng Zhang and colleagues. CRISPR-Cas9 functioned with precision, allowing researchers to remove and insert DNA in the desired locations.
According to this topic, the delegates will be discussing the ethical aspects of the new biological innovation, gene editing. There are a lot of controversy about the principles of this situation whereas some people think that it is ethical, some are still not convinced.
Agenda Item II: Extrajudicial and Arbitrary Executions
This topic will be about the executions which are being done without primary legal actions by government authorities. The main discussion will be about the effects of these situations and whether it should be legalized or not. This dilemma has been a major matter throughout the past years.
Under certain circumstances extrajudicial killings can be considered a war crime by the international law. Also the right to live is protected under the name of several international treaties.